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Place Names of Hawai’i

 

A

 

Ahi-pu’u. Street, Nu’u-anu, Honolulu. Lit., hill, fire.

Ahu a ´umi. Heiau, on the southeastern slope of Hualālai, North Kona, Hawai’i, built in the 16th century. Lit., altar, ‘umi.

Ahu-`ena. Heiau for human sacrifices established and later restored by Kamehameha I.

´Āhui-manu. Subdivision and elementary school, Kāne-‘ohe, O’ahu.

Ahukini. Landing and point near Līhue airport, Kauai, named for a son of La’a-mai-Kahiki, son of the 12th- century chief Moikeha who came from Tahiti and settled on Kaua’i.

‘Aiea. Town, bay, heights, loop trail, shopping center, recreation center, and schools, Wai-pahu area, O’ahu. Lit., Nothocestrum tree.

‘Ai-hua-lama. Land section, stream, and trail, upper Mānoa, Honolulu. Lit., eating lama tree (Diospyros species) fruit.

‘Āina-Haina. Subdivision of Honolulu, shopping center, playground and elementary school, mostly developed after World War II.

‘Āina-hau. Home and land of Princess Ka-‘iu-lani at the site of the present Princess Ka-‘iu-lani Hotel, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

‘Āina-hou. Land division and kīpuka, Humu’ula area; Shipman ranch in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Kī-lau-ea, Hawai’i. Site of Irwin Memorial Park, downtown Honolulu; street, Hawai’i Kai, Honolulu.

‘Āina-kea. Way, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. ‘Āina-kea is a kind of sugarcane.

‘Āina-Moana. Magic Island, Honolulu.

‘Akaka. Falls (drop of 422 feet) and state park near Hilo, Hawai’i. When a stone here called Pōhaku-a-Pele (stone of Pele) is struck by a branch of lehua ‘apane (a kind of lehua with dark-red flowers), the sky darkens and rain falls.

Akani-kōlea. Land near Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i, where Kama-pua’a (pig god) taunted Pele.

‘Alae. Site of a pit crater near Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i, which was filled with lava in 1969-1970.

Ala-kea. Street, downtown Honolulu. Lit., white street (this street, leading to Honolulu Harbor, was once paved with white coral stones).

‘Alalā-keiki. Channel between Ka-ho’olawe and Lā-na’i.

Ala Moana. Boulevard, shopping center, county beach park on O’ahu. A surfing area seaward of the Ala Wai yacht harbor, formerly called Ala Moana Bowls, is known as Bowls today.

Ala Wai. Canal, boulevard, parkway, yacht club, boat harbor, golf course, clubhouse, playground, field, elementary school, promenade on O’ahu. The canal was constructed 1919-1928 with funds appropriated for the Wai-kīkī Reclamation Project “to reclaim a most unsanitary and unsightly portion of the city.”

‘A-le’ale’a. Heiau near Hale o keawe, Pu’uhonua o Hōnaunau, Hōnaunau area, South Kona; point, Hilo area, Hawai’i. The heiau was used for sports and games after Hale o Keawe became the islands’ major heiau.

‘Ale-nui-hāhā. Channel between Hawai’i and Maui.

‘Alewa. Neighborhood, trail, and playground in Honolulu area. Lit., suspended (on a height).

Alexander. Street near Puna-hou School, Honolulu, named for William Patterson Alexander (1805-1884) who came as a missionary to Hawai’i in 1932 and served until his death.

Ali’i. Beach Park, Hale-‘iwa, O’ahu, probably named by the owners of staff of the Hale-‘iwa Hotel built in 1899 for the shoreline fronting the hotel which is now occupied by the Sea View Inn.

Aloha Tower. Built in 1925, the ten-story building houses offices and provides a vantage point for Honolulu Harbor control.

Andrews. Amphitheater, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, completed in 1935 and named for Dean Arthur L. Andrews.

Atherton. Street, lower Mānoa, Honolulu, named for J.B. Atherton (1837-1903), financier who arrived in Hawai’i in 1858, married Juliette M. Cooke, and became president of Castle and Cooke, Ltd.

Auau. Channel between Lā-na’i and Maui. Lit., hurrying.

‘Auwai-o-limu. Playground and street, Punchbowl, and an area near the mouth of Pauoa Valley, Honolulu.

Avalanche. A deep-water winter surfing area off Hale-‘iwa, O’ahu, named for its large combers.

 

B

 

Baldwin. Museum, Lahaina, residence of Dr. and Mrs. Dwight Baldwin 1835-1870; avenue and memorial home, in Pā’ia, a high school at Sand Hills, Wai-luku, that opened 8, January 1940, named for Henry Perrine Baldwin, son of Dwight Baldwin; parks, lower Pā’ia and Pu’u-nēnē, Maui, named for H. A. and F. F. Baldwin, sons of Henry Perrine Baldwin.

Bamboo Ridge. Point and hiking trail near Blowhole, Koko Head, on O’ahu, named for the multitudes of bamboo fishing poles that line the perimeter of the point on a good day.

Barbers Point. Point, naval air base, housing, beach park, elementary school, golf course, on the southwest tip of O’ahu, all named for Captain Henry Barber whose ship, on 31 October 1796 was wrecked there on a coral shoal.

Barking Sands. Beach, airfield, and Pacific missile range, Wai-mea district, Kaua’i beach; Wai-‘anae, O’ahu. Both places are so called because the sand sounds loudly when walked upon.

Bellows. Beach Park, air force base, and airfield, Waimānalo, Ko’olau Poko, O’ahu, named in 1933 for Lt. F.B. Bellows.

Beretania. Street and park, downtown Honolulu. Lit., Britain.

Bethel. Street, downtown Honolulu, named for the Seamen’s Bethel Mission which stood at King and Bethel streets and was destroyed by a fire in 1886.

Bingham. Street, private elementary school in Honolulu, named for the Reverend Hiram Bingham (1789-1869), leader of the first company of missionaries who arrived in 1820.

Bishop. Street, downtown Honolulu, named for Charles Reed Bishop (1822?-1915), banker, financier, philanthropist and public official. He married Princess Bernice Pau-ahi and established the Bishop Museum in her honor. The couple lived for many years near the site of the present Bishop Trust building.

Bishop Museum. The Bernice Pau-ahi Bishop Museum was established by Charles Reed Bishop in 1889 in Ka-lihi Waena, Honolulu, as a memorial to his wife, a Hawaiian Princess of the Ka-mehameha family. Buildings in this complex are Bishop, Paki, Konia, and Pau-ahi halls; Atherton Hālau, Jabulka Pavilion, Planetarium, and the Hawaiian Immigrant Heritage Preservation Center.

Black Point. Road, place, point and surfing area opposite the point, Diamond Head area, Honolulu.

Blaisdell. Auditorium, exhibit hall, and sports arena complex makai of Thomas Square, Honolulu, built on the site of Old Plantation opened in 1964, formerly known as Honolulu International Center, renamed Neal S. Blaisdell Center in 1975 for Neal S. Blaisdell.

Blowhole. An opening in the low lava terrace between Hanauma Bay and Sandy Beach, Koko Head area of O’ahu, that spouts when the surf is heavy.

Boiling Pots. Pools in the Wai-luku River, Hilo Hawai’i; the favorite kite flying spot of the demigod Māui.

Brennecke’s. Beach east of Po’ipū Beach Park, Kō-loa district, Kaua’i, named for Dr. Marvin Brennecke whose house was adjacent to the park.

Brigham Young University- Hawai’i campus. Mormon University at La’ie, O’ahu, started in 1955 as Church College of Hawaii; the name was changed in 1974.

Brown. Black sand beach park, Puna area, Hawai’i, named in 1953 for former Hawai’i County auditor Harry Kaina Brown. 

Brown’s. Surfing area east of Diamond Head, Honolulu, named for Francis Ii Brown, 1892-1976, former legislator, landowner and philanthropist who was well known for his interest in sports.

Burns. School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, named for John A. Burns, governor of Hawai’i 1962-1974.

 

C

 

Campbell. Avenue, Ka-pahulu section, Honolulu, and high school, Barbers Point, O’ahu, named for James Campbell who came to Hawai’I in 1849 and bought large tracts of land at Hono-uliuli, ‘Ewa and ranch lands in Ka-huku. The Campbells owned the land that is now Ka-pahulu. In 1879 James Campbell drilled the first artesian well near his ‘Ewa ranch house.

Canoes. Hawai’i’s most famous surfing break, popular as a canoe surfing site, directly offshore from the Moana Hotel, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Captain Cook. Monument, point and town, Ke-ala-ke-kua Bay, South Kona, Hawai’i.

Chain of Craters. Land section and road, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i, named for a series of large pit craters formed in pre-historic time along Kī-lau-ea’s southeast rift zone; the road occasionally closed due to volcanic activity.

Chinaman’s Hat.  See Moko-li’i.

Chinatown. The area bounded by the Honolulu waterfront, River and Beretania streets, and Nu’u-anu Avenue. Chinese plantation laborers moved here as early as 1860 after having completed their contracts.

Chun’s Reef. Surfing area near the highway between Hale-iwa Park and Wai-mea, O’ahu, named for the John Chun family who had a house inshore of the break.

Coconut Island. Island in Hilo Bay, Hawai’i. See Moku’ola Island in Kāne-‘ohe Bay, where the Hawai’i Institute of Marine Biology of the University of Hawaii is located.

College Hill. Residence of the president of the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, built in 1902 for Frank C. Atherton, (a son of J.B. Atherton), a gift to the University of Hawai’i in 1964 from the Atherton family.

Cooke. Street, Kaka’ako , Honolulu named for the missionary teacher Amos Starr Cooke (1810-1871) who settled in Hawai’i in 1837.

Cromwells. Surfing area opposite the home of Doris Duke Cromwell at Black Point, Diamond Head, Honolulu.

Crouching Lion. A rock on a mountainside near Kahana Bay, O’ahu.

 

D

 

Damien.  Monument, Ka-laupapa, north central Moloka’i. High school, Ka-pā-lama; and plaza in front of Our Lady of Peace Cathedral, Fort Street Mall, downtown Honolulu. All named for Father Damien de Veuster, the Belgian priest who worked at the leper settlement at Ka-laupapa, Moloka’i, and died there of leprosy in 1889. Statues of him stand in the Hawai’i State Capitol, and in the United States Capital in Washington.

Devastation Trail. Trail southwest of Kī-lau-ea Iki, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, that crosses the area devastated by the 1959-1960 eruption at Kī-lau-ea Iki Crater.

Diamond Head. World famous crater on O’ahu that was formed by violent explosions some 100,000 years ago. The highest point is Lē -‘ahi Peak (760 feet); the rim averages about 400 feet. It was so named because calcite crystals in the rocks suggested diamonds. The mountain is a state monument.

Dillingham. Boulevard, Ka-lihi Kai, and Iwilei, Honolulu, named for Benjamin F Dillingham, a sea captain who settled in Honolulu in 1865; he died in 1918. He promoted land development and was the founder of the O’ahu Railway and Land Company.

Disappearing Sands Beach. A name adopted in 1971 for the beach between Kai-lua and Ke-au-hou in North Kona, Hawai’i. Also known as Magic Sands Beach, Vanishing Sands Beach and White Sands Beach.

Dole. Street, running through Mānoa Campus, University of Hawai’i, Honolulu, named for the Reverend Daniel Dole, first president of Puna-hou School. 1840-1855. Cannery, Iwilei section, Honolulu and Pineapple Pavilion, Wahi-a-wā, named for James Dole, developer of Hawai’i’s pineapple industry in the early 1900s. Intermediate school, Ka-lihi, O’ahu, named for Sanford B. Dole, son of the Reverend Daniel Dole, the first appointed governor of the Territory of Hawaii, 1898-1903.

Dowsett. Avenue, Dowsett Highlands, Honolulu, named for Captain Samuel James Dowsett, who settled in Hawai’i in 1828.

Dudoit. Lane, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for the family of Captain Jules Dudoit, who came to Hawai’i in 1833, served as French consul 1837-1845.

 

E

 

‘Ele’ele. Community, ditch, small-boat harbor, and elementary school, Kō-loa district, Kaua’i; Port Allen was called ‘Ele’ele Landing until 1901 when it was renamed in honor of a Honolulu merchant, Samuel Cresson Allen. Lit., black.

Emerson. Street, Honolulu, named for Mrs. Joseph S. Emerson (1843-1930), whose husband was the brother of Nathaniel B. Emerson, a surveyor and writer on the Hawaiian ethnology who lived here.

‘Ena. Road, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for the son of John ‘Ena (a Chinese merchant) and high Chiefess Ka-iki-lani; their son was privy councilor under Queen Lili’u-o-ka-lani.

Enchanted Lake.  Subdivision, school, park and shopping center, on O’ahu, formerly called Ka-‘ele-pulu.

‘Ewa. District west of Pearl Harbor, town, school and park, O’ahu. Lit.,  strayed. When surveying O’ahu, the gods Kāne and Kanaloa would mark a boundary by throwing a stone.

‘Ewa Beach.  Town, road, elementary school, county park, beach park, and shopping center in O’ahu.

 

F

 

Falls of Clyde.  A 19th century sailing vessel built on the river Clyde, Scotland, one of the nine famous Falls line ships. It became one of the original ships in the Matson line and is now a maritime museum on Pier 7 in Honolulu.

Farrington. Highway, Pearl City to the leeward coast, and high school, Ka-lihi Kai, O’ahu; both named for Wallace Rider Farrington, governor of Hawaii 1921-1929.

Fernandez. Street, Ka-lihi Waena, Honolulu, named for Abraham Fernandez, a full-blooded Hawaiian born in 1857 to Ka-lama Māhoe and adopted by her second husband Peter Fernandez.

First Break. Farthest offshore Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, surfing area.

Ford Island. Island in Pearl Harbor and golf course, named for a former owner, Dr. S.P. Ford (1818-1866), a Honolulu physician.

Fort. Principal street, downtown Honolulu. At its foot was the fort at Honolulu Harbor built in 1816 and destroyed in 1857.

Fort DeRussy. Beach, park, and military reservation, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named in 1909 for Brigadier General René E. DeRussy.

Fort Elizabeth. State park, Wai-mea, Kaua’i. On this land donated by Kaua’i chief Ka-umu-ali’i, Georg Anton Scheffer began construction of a fort in 1816 which he named Fort Elizabeth in honor of the consort of the Russian Emperor Alexander.

Fort Ruger. State park, and military reservation, Diamond Head, Honolulu, established in 1906 and named for Major General Thomas H. Ruger.

Fort Shafter. Military reservation and golf course, Moana-lua, Honolulu.

Foster Botanical Gardens. City park at Nu’u-anu Avenue and Vineyard Boulevard, downtown Honolulu. In 1855 Queen Ka-lama (wife of Ka-mehameha III) sold the original property to Dr. William Hillebrand, botanist and physician at the Queen’s Hospital 1851-1871. The estate was purchased in 1890 by Captain and Mrs. Thomas Foster and in 1930 Mrs. Foster willed six acres to the City and County of Honolulu.

Frank.  Street, St. Louis Heights, Honolulu, named for Brother Frank (Francis Herold), an instructor at St. Louis College who came to Hawai’i in 1883.

 

G

 

Gray’s Beach. Small beach just Diamond Head of the Hale-kū-lani Hotel, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. The reef was opened here for a boat landing. The Hawaiian name was Ka-wehe-wehe (the opening up).

Grove Farm Homestead. Museum, Līhu’e, Kaua’i, a complex of buildings, with the Wilcox family residence as the showcase, exhibiting Hawai’i’s plantation heritage.

Gulick. Street, Ka-lihi Kai and Ka-lihi Waena, Honolulu, named for Charles T. Gulick, minister of interior under Lili’u-o-ka-lani and nephew of Peter J. Gulick, missionary in the third missionary company.

 

H

 

Hā’ena.  Locality, Hawai’i. Town, caves, point, state park and beach park, Hanalei district, Kaua’i. See Wai-kanaloa. Lit., red hot.

Haha’i-one. Valley, subdivision, park, trail and elementary school, Hawai’i Kai, Honolulu.

Ha’ikū. Point, Hawai’i, Village, ditch, road, park, and elementary school, East Maui. Valley, road and village in Kāne-‘ohe, O’ahu.

Haki-o-awa. Bay, beach and land area, north Ka-ho’olawe, where the fish demigod ‘Ai’ai set up an altar (kū’ula) on a bluff looking out to sea.

Haki-pu’u. Valley, O’ahu. Kaha’i, a famous navigator, lived here and traveled to Samoa to bring back food plant seeds, among which was the breadfruit which the people planted at Haki-pu’u. It is said that in 1795 Ka-mehameha lowered the sail of his canoe to show respect for Kaha’i.

Hālawa. Town, North Kohala, Hawai’i. Valley, cape, bay, beach park, stream, village area of east Moloka’i.

Hale-a-ka-lā. National park (established in 1961), park headquarters, visitor center, peak, crater, crater road, highway and ranch, East Maui. Lit., house used by the sun (the demigod Māui was believed to have lassoed the sun here in order to lengthen the day, and permit his mother Hina, to dry her tapa.

Hale-‘iwa. Town, shopping center, elementary school, beach park, boat harbor, surfing beach, O’ahu. Lit., house of frigate bird.
Hale-‘iwa Ali’i.
Beach park adjoining Hale-‘iwa beach park, O’ahu.

Hale-kauwila. Street, downtown Honolulu, named in 1875 for the thatched house built here of kauwila wood in the 1820’s. The wood of the house is said to have been taken from the rafters in the sacred house of Līhoa at Wai-pi’o, Hawai’i, and a burial place for chiefs.

Hale-koa. Drive and place, Wai’alae, Honolulu, O’ahu; military hotel, Wai-kīkī. Lit., soldier’s house.

Hale-kou. Subdivision, in Kāne-‘ohe, pond Mō-kapu peninsula, O’ahu. Lit., kou-wood house.

Hale-maumau. Crater (3,660 ft. elevation), also known as the fire pit, within the larger Kī-lau-ea caldera, and trail, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i.

Hale o Keawe. Heiau in Pu’uhonua o Hōnaunau, Hawai’i, built by Keawe, ruler of Hawai’i Island, as a mausoleum, destroyed by Ka-‘ahu-manu in 1928, and reconstructed in 1966-1967.

Hale o Lono. Heiau near the old Kona airport, North Kona, Hawai’i. Point, beach and harbor, west Moloka’i, starting point of the annual Moloka’i to O’ahu canoe race, called Moloka’i Hoe.

Hale Pōhaku. Dormitory at the 9,300 foot level of Mauna Kea, Hawai’i, for the scientists who use the telescopes at the summit of Mauna Kea.

Hanakāpī’ai. Valley, stream, falls, trail and beach, Hanalei district, Kaua’i and a name of a Menehune princess.

Hanalei. District, town, elementary school, bay, beach park, surfing site, museum, river, valley and lookout, Kaua’i.

Hanauma. Bay, beach park, state underwater park, and marine life conservation district created in 1967, O’ahu. Named spots in the bay are Keyhole, a pocket of sand within the reef; Witches’ Brew, a half cove; and Toilet Bowl, a small inlet.

Hāpuna. Bay, white sand beach and state park.

Hawai’i. Largest island in the Hawaiian group, 76 miles wide, 93 miles long with an area of 4,038 square miles and a population in 2000 of 148,677. Hilo is the major town and county seat. County and collective name for the entire island group.

Hawai’i Kai. Subdivison of Honolulu developed by Henry J. Kaiser.

Hawai’i-loa. Ridge, Niu, Honolulu.

Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. The park is in Mauna Loa, southeast Hawai’i, extending in elevation from the summit of Mauna Loa to sea level at Waha-‘ula Heiau. It was established in 1916 as Hawaii National Park and in 1961 was given the present name. It was created to preserve the natural setting of Mauna Loa and Kī-lau-ea volcanoes, and in 1980 was designated a biosphere reserve.

Healing Stones. Known as Keanianileihuaokalani in California Avenue, Wahiawa but originally from Kukaniloko.

Helu-moa. Old land section near the Royal Hawaiian Hotel at Helu-moa Street, Wai-kīkī, and site of a heiau where Kahahana, an O’ahu chief, was sacrificed when Ka-hekili’s men killed him in 1785.

Hickam. Air Force base, harbor, marina, golf course, village, on O’ahu, named for Lt. Colonel Horace M. Hickam, who was killed in an airplane accident at Fort Crockett, Texas in 1934.

Hi’iaka.  Crater, Kī-lau-ea volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i, Named for Pele’s many sisters called Hi’iaka.

Hi’ilawe.  Falls, Wai-pi’o Valley, Hawai’i. This is one of the highest free fall waterfall in Hawai’i, and one of the highest in the world, with a vertical drop of about 1,000 feet, named for the son Pokahi and Kaukini who was thrown into the sea but saved by a kupua (demigod).

Hilo. Town, port, district, bay, bay-front park, high school, hospital, trail, zoo, and golf courses, Hawai’i. Perhaps named for the first night of the new moon or for a Polynesian navigator.

Hobron. Lane near the yacht harbor, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Coit Hobron, a sea captain who settled in Hawai’i during the Monarchy.

Hono a Pi’ilani. Highway that nearly circles West Maui. Six West Maui bays were ruled by Pi’ilani and are now famous in song; the six bays are Honokahua, Honokeana, Honokōhau, Honokōwai, Honolua, Hononana.

Honolulu. Capital of the state of Hawai’i. The city had a population in 2000 of 371,657; the City and County of Honolulu had a population in 2000 of 876,156.

Honolulu Academy of Arts. Museum, Thomas Square, Honolulu, housing art collections, library and educational facilities. A gift of Mrs. C. M. Cooke, it was built in 1927 on the site of her former home; many of the art objects which she had collected form the basis of the present collection.

Honolulu Hale. Honolulu’s city hall, downtown Honolulu, built in 1927.

Ho’okipa. Beach park, Maui, famous windsurfing and surfing area.

Hosmer. Grove, nature trail, and campground, Hale-a-ka-lā National Park, Maui.

Hualālai. Volcano (8,271 feet elevation) and trail, Kai-lua area, North Kona, Hawai’i.

Huli-he’e. Palace at Kai-lua, Kona, Hawai’i, built in 1838 by Kua-kini, governor of Hawai’i and brother of Ka-‘ahumanu, and said to be named for a brother. It was built on the site of Ka-mehameha I’s first residence in Kona.

 

I

 

‘Ili’ili-‘ōpae. Heiau, Mapulehu, southeast Moloka’i, the largest heiau on Moloka’i and said to be the oldest on the island.

‘Ilikai. Apartment hotel, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

‘Io-lani. The royal palace (Hale Ali’i) built for Ka-mehameha III in 1845 was given the name ‘Io-lani in 1863 for Ka-mehameha IV, one of whose Hawaiian names was ‘Io-lani.

 

K

 

Ka-‘ahu-manu. Church, Wai-luku, and shopping center, Ka-hului, Maui.

Ka’ala. Hill. (3,938 feet), Hawai’i. Highest mountain on O’ahu (4,020 feet), and nature reserve, Wai-anae mountains.

Kā’ana-pali.  Beach and village, Maui.

Ka-‘ena. Point, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i. Point, trail and heiau, northwest Lā-na’i. ‘Ai’ai, the fish demigod, marked a stone here that turned into a turtle, and this is how turtles came to Hawaiian waters and why they come to the beach to lay their eggs. Point, state park, lighthouse, military reservation, satellite tracking station, at the northernmost point of O’ahu, said to be named for a male relative of Pele who accompanied her from Kahiki.

Kaha-loa. Beach area between the Royal Hawaiian and Moana Surfrider hotels, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Kaha-lu’u. Village, bay, beach park, surfing area and largest white sand swimming beach between Kai-lua and Ke-au-hou, Hawai’i.

Ka-hana-moku. Beach at Hilton Hawaiian Village Hotel, Wai-kīkī, Named for Duke Ka-hana-moku (1890-1968), former Olympic swimming star.

Ka-hōlua o Kahawali. Crater, and cinder-and-splatter cone on Kī-lau-ea volcano’s east rift zone, Hawai’i.

Ka-ho’olawe. Unhabited island, Maui county, 11 miles long 6 miles wide, with an area of 45 square miles.

Ka-huku. Village, point, golf course trail, park, beach, school in area of north O’ahu.

Ka-hului. Bay and coast, Kailua, North Kona, Hawai’i. Town, bay, harbor, shopping center, elementary school and park on Maui.

Kai a Kekua . Beach near Ke-ala-ke-kua, South Kona, Hawai’i, where the first missionary ship the Thaddeus arrived on 30 March 1820.

Kai-lua. Town, bay, and small cove of white sand beach known as Ka-maka-honu, North Kona, Hawai’i. Village and stream, gulch, East Maui. Town, bay, beach park, field, schools, ditch, and shopping center, O’ahu.

Kai-mū. Stream, village, beach, and beach park, Kala-pana area, Hawai’i.

Ka-imu-kī. Neighborhood, intermediate and high schools, park, recreation center, shopping center, Honolulu, O’ahu.

Kai-ona. Beach park, Wai-mānalo, O’ahu.

Kaiser’s. Surfing break directly offshore from the Hilton Hawaiian Village Hotel, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Ka-‘iu-lani. Hotel and avenue, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu; playground, Ka-lihi Uka; elementary school, Ka-lihi Kai, Honolulu; all named for Princess Ka-‘iu-lani (1875-1899).

Ka-iwi.  Channel (25 miles wide), separating O’ahu from Moloka’i.

Kaka‘ako. Neighborhood of Honolulu, O’ahu.

Ka Lae. Cape, park, the southernmost point in the United States, Hawai’i.

Ka-lā-heo. Town, gulch, and elementary school, Kō-loa district, Kaua’i. Subdivision, high school, avenue, and playground, Kai-lua, O’ahu.

Ka-lā-kaua. Avenue and parkway, Wai-kīkī; intermediate school and recreation center. Golf course, Schofield, O’ahu; all named for King Kā-la-kaua (1836-1891).

Ka-lalau. Lookout, stream, valley, trail, and beach, northwest Kaua’i.

Ka-lama. Stream, Kaua’i. School and beach park, Maui. The beach park was named for Samuel E. Ka-lama, Maui county chairman (1913-1933). Valley, subdivision, park and cinder cone, Koko Head area. Beach park, beach, and street, Kai-lua, O’ahu. The Kai-lua places were named for Queen Ka-lama, wife of Ka-mehameha III.

Ka-lani. High school, Wai-‘alae, Honolulu.

Ka-lani-ana-‘ole. First tracts of homesteads under the Hawaiian Homes Commision Act, south Moloka’i. Highway, east O’ahu; beach, Nānā-kuli, O’ahu. All were named for Prince Jonah Kū-hiō Ka-lani-ana-’ole.

Ka-lani-moku. State office building, downtown Honolulu, O’ahu.

Kala-pana. Village, beach, beach park, Puna district, Hawai’i.

Ka-laupapa. Peninsula, village, airfield, and national historic park authorized in 1980, site of the settlement and hospital for Hansen’s disease patients since 1886; north Moloka’i.

Kālia. Road, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Ka-lihi. Point, near Ke-āhole aiport, North Kona, Hawai’i. Neighborhood, valley, channel, stream, elementary school, field, street, and shopping center, O’ahu.

Ka-lihi Kai. Beach and beach park, Hanalei area, Kaua’i.

Ka-lihi Uka. Elementary school, park of Honolulu.

Ka-lihi Waena. Elementary school, playground of Honolulu.

Ka-lihi Wai. Town, bay, river, and reservoir, Hanalei area, Kaua’i.

Ka-liu-wa’a. Narrow, steep sided valley and falls (Sacred falls), on O’ahu, where traditions of the pig demi-god, Kama-pua’a (lit., pig boy) began. Kapus when hiking into the valley include breaking branches, injuring leaves and picking fruit. Lit., the canoe hold or the canoe leak.

Ka-lua-nui. Land section, stream, and beach, O’ahu.

Ka-maka-honu. Lagoon and site of the last residence of Ka-mehameha I, Kai-lua-Kona, Hawai’I, he died here in 1819.

Ka-māmalu. State office building, downtown Honolulu; avenue and playground, Punchbowl section, Honolulu; all named for Victoria Ka-māmalu (1839-1866), the sister of Ka-mehameha IV and V.

Kama-‘ole. Neighborhood, beach, and three beach parks, Kihei, Maui.

Ka-mehame. Subdivision and ridge. Hawai’i Kai, Oahu.

Ka-mehameha. Park, Statue and rock, Wai-pi’o area; birthplace park; presumed burial site, Hawai’i. Statue, downtown Honolulu; schools for children of Hawaiian ancestry, heights, highway, shopping center, field; all named for Ka-mehameha I.

Ka-mehameha V. Highway, southeast Moloka’i.

Kaminaka. Drive near Chaminade College, St. Louis Heights, Honolulu.

Ka-moamoa. Campground and picnic area, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i.

Kamuela. Waimea post office and museum, Hawai’i, named for Samuel Spencer, a former postmaster or according to some, for Samuel Parker, son of the founder of the Parker Ranch. Avenue, Honolulu, named for Samuel Wilder King, drive, upper Nu’u-anu, Honolulu, named for Samuel ‘Ai-kanaka Dowsett.

Ka-nahā. Bird sanctuary, pond said to have been built by Chief Kiha-a-Pi’ilani. Beach park all near Kahului, Maui. Rock Islet and point, Moloka’i.

Ka-na’ina. Avenue, Ka-pahulu section; a state office building housing the Friends of ‘Iolani Palace, ‘Iolani Palace grounds, downtown Honolulu; both named for Charles Ka-na’ina, a friend of Ka-mehameha II, who gave Ka-na’ina his own fifth wife, Ke-kā-uluohi who bore, by Ka-na’ina, his first male child, who became King Lunalilo.

Kāne-kapolei. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Marion Kāne-kapolei Guerrero Diamond, who moved there in the early 1930’s.

Kāne-ohe. Town, bay, elementary school, shopping center, beach park, playground, district park, drive, Marine Corps air station, golf course, stream, yacht club, fishing pier, forest reserve, windward O’ahu.

Ka-pa’a. Beach park, Hawai’i. Town, beach park, high school and stream, Ka-wai-hau district, Kaua’i. Quarry and landfill, Kai-lua, O’ahu.

Kapa-ahu. Homesteads and cave, Kala-pana area, Hawai’i. Lava from Kī-lau-ea destroyed the last house in the homesteads in 1988.

Ka-pahulu. Neighborhood and avenue of Honolulu, O’ahu.

Ka-pā-lama. Neighborhood, military reservation, shopping center, stream, trail, school of Honolulu.

Kapa-lua. Resort complex and beach (the old name was Fleming’s Beach), Maui.

Kapa-lua West Maui. Airport in Maui.

Ka-pā o lono. Playground, Ka-imu-kī, Honolulu.

Ka-pena. Falls and pool, Nu’u-anu stream, Honolulu, mentioned in the song “Alekoki”.

Ka-pili. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, one of Princess Likelike’s names; she lived at ‘Āina-hau.

Ka-pi’o-lani. Elementary school, Hilo, Hawai’i, named for the Hilo chiefess (1781-1841). Boulevard, regional park which includes the beach center, driving range, natatorium, aquarium, bandstand, Wai-kīkī Shell, zoo, flower garden and nursery, all in Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. Community college, Diamond Head, Honolulu, named for Queen Ka-pi’o-lani (1834-1899), wife of Ka-lā-kaua.

Kapu-aīwa. Coconut grove near Kaunakakai, Moloka’i, planted in the 1860’s by Ka-mehameha V, who lived nearby.

Ka-puni. Beach, named for an ancient kahuna, and street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Ka-ū. Desert, district, trail, elementary and high school and center of history and culture, south Hawai’i.

Kaua’i. Island (33 miles long, 25 miles wide with an area of 533 square miles and a population in 2000 of 58,463).

Ka’ula. Rocky Islet (540 feet elevation) 22 miles southwest of Ni’ihau. It abounds with seabirds and is said to be named for one – which one is not known. The shark god Kū-hai-moana, a brother of Pele, lived here. The domain of the hero Ka-welo extended from Hanalei to Ka’ula.

Kau-maka-pili. Congregational church in Ka-lihi, Honolulu. Founded in 1837 by Lowell Smith, the church was originally at Smith and Beretania Streets, in the area of downtown Honolulu known as Kau-maka-pili.

Ka-umu-ali’i. Highway, south Kaua’i, named for the last ruling chief of Kaua’i.

Kau-pō. Gap and trail leading from Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, village and area of East Maui. Beach park next to Sea Life Park, Mō-kapu, O’ahu.

Ka-wai-hae. Bay, coast, village, small boat harbor, and road, Kohala area, Hawai’i.

Ka-wai-kini. Highest peak (5,243 feet) on Wai-‘ale’ale, Kaua’i.

Ka-wai-nui. Stream, Hilo area, Hawai’i. Stream, Ka-malō area, and valley, Halawa area, Moloka’i. Swamp, subdivision, canal, stream, and street, Kai-lua, O’ahu.

Ka-wela. Village, gulch, place of refuge and plantation, in Kaunakakai area, Moloka’i. Bay, village, and stream, Ka-huku area, O’ahu.

Ke-āhole. Airport, point, and museum, Ke-āhole area, Hawai’i.

Ke-aīwa. State recreation area and heiau, ‘Aiea Heights, O’ahu. The ‘Aiea Loop trail starts here.

Ke-ala-i-Kahiki. Channel between Lā-na’i and Ka-ho’olawe through which voyages to foreign lands were begun; western point of Ka-ho’olawe.

Ke-ala-kahiko. Loop trail beginning at Waha-‘ula visitor center, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i.

Ke-alohi-lani. Avenue, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, which was the name of Lili’u-o-ka-lani’s seaside cottage.

Ke-ana-kākoi. Crater, Mauna Kea ice age natural reserve, designated a natural historical landmark; pit crater, Kī-lau-ea Volcano, Hawai’i.

Ke-ana-o-Hina. Cave, Ka-malō area, Moloka’i, said to be the home of Hina, the mother of Moloka’i.

Ke-au-hou. Bay, small boat harbor, beach, village, park, school, hōlua site, Kai-lua area., landing, point, shelter and trail, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Kī-lau-ea area, Hawai’i.

Ke-au-kaha. Subdivision, elementary school, and beach park, Hilo, Hawai’i.

Ke-ehi. Lagoon, beach park, and marina east of Honolulu International Airport.

Ke-ka’a. Point known as Black Rock around which were built the Sheraton Maui and the Royal Lahaina hotels, Kā’ana-pali, West Maui.

Ke-kaha. Town, beach park, ditch, and elementary school, Wai-mea district, Kaua’i.

Ke-kaulike. Street, Chinatown, Honolulu.

Ke-kū-anaō’a. State government building named for the governor of O’ahu in the 1840’s and the husband of Kīna’u; their children were Ka-mehameha IV, Ka-mehameha V, and Victoria Ka-māmalu.

Ke-one-he’ehe’e. Sliding sands trail, Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Hale-a-ka-lā National Park, Maui.

Ke-walo. Small boat harbor, channel, surfing area, Honolulu. Outcasts intended for sacrifice were drowned here.

Kīhei. Shoreline, town, road, shopping center, elementary school, in Ma’alaea, Maui.

Kīkī a Ola. Ditch, known as Menehune ditch, and harbor, Wai-mea area, Kaua’i.

Kī-lau-ea. Caldera, visitor center, military camp, overlook, road and state recreation area in Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Puna and Ka-ū, Hawai’i. Town, point, lighthouse, national wildlife refuge, bay, falls, stream and elementary school, Hanalei, Kaua’i.

Kī-lau-ea Iki. Crater, overlook, and trail, just east of Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Puna, Hawai’i.

Kilohana. Upland, Mauna Kea forest reserve, west slope of Mauna Kea, South Kohala Hawai’i. Peak (4,030 feet elevation), Alaka’i swamp, crater, Līhu’e, Kaua’i. Peak, summit observatory, Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Hale-a-ka-lā National Park, Maui.

King. Principal street, Honolulu, named in 1850 for Hawaiian kings; formerly called Mō’ī. Intermediate and high school, Kāne-‘ohe, named for Samuel Wilder King (1896-1959), governor of the Territory of Hawai’i 1953-1957.

King’s Highway. Ancient foot trail, Ke-āhole area, Hawai’i.

Kīpapa. Gulch, drive, park, elementary school, stream and trail, Wahi-a-wā area, O’ahu.

Kīpuka Nēnē. Kīpuka and campground, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Kī-lau-ea area, Hawai’i. Lit., Hawaiian goose kīpuka.

Kīpuka Pepeiao. Kīpuka and cabin, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i

Kīpuka-pua-ulu. Kīpuka known as Bird Park, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i. Lit., growing-flower kīpuka.

Koa. Avenue, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Prince David Ka-wānakoa.

Kohala. District, mountains, ditch, ditch trail, subdivision, mill, elementary and high schools, north-west Hawai’i.

Kōke’e. State park, lodge, camp, museum, road and stream, Wai-mea district, Kaua’i.

Koko Crater and Koko Head. Names for two well-known tuff cones east of Honolulu. Koko was formerly the name of a small canoe landing at the Wai-alae side of Koko Head, named for red earth or for the blood (koko) of a man bitten by a shark. Today city and county regional park includes Koko Head district park, Halōna blowhole lookout, Koko Crater botanic garden and stables, Koko Head rifle range, Hanauma Bay beach park, Koko Head Sandy beach park, Koko Crater trail, and Koko Head playground as well as Koko Head elementary school.

Koko Marina. Marina and shopping center, Hawai’i Kai, Honolulu.

Kolekole. Pass and road from Schofield Barracks through the Wai’anae Range, O’ahu. A large stone at the pass has been called a sacrificial stone, but it was probably so never used.

Kona. Leeward districts on Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, and O’ahu. Coast, and sub-divisions in west Hawai’i.

Kōnāhua-nui. Summit (3,150 feet high) above Nu’u-anu Pali, O’ahu.

Ko’olau. Windward districts, Kaua’i, East Maui, and Moloka’i.

Kua-loa. Regional park and point, O’ahu, an area anciently considered one of the most sacred places on the island. It is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. When a chief was here, all passing canoes lowered their sails in recognition of his sacredness. A place of refuge was here.

Kua-mo’o. Point and battle burial ground, Kai-lua area, Hawai’i, where Ke-kua-o-ka-lani died. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Mary Kuamo’o Ka-‘oana-‘eha, sister of Ke-kua-o-ka-lani.

Kua-o-ka-lā. Forest reserve and trail, in Ka-‘ena, O’ahu.

Kuapā. Old name for the Mauna-lua fishpond, east Honolulu.

Kūhiō. Bay and shopping center (Prince Kūhiō Plaza), Hilo; subdivision, Wai-mea, Hawai’i. Highway, northwest Kaua’i. Elementary school, Mō-‘ili’ili; avenue, shopping mall, beach park and theatre, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. All named for Prince Jonah Kūhiō Ka-lani-ana-‘ole.(1871-1922)

Kukaniloko. Sacred place where Hawaiian royalty gave birth, Wahi-a-wā, O’ahu.

Kumu-kahi. Easternmost cape and lighthouse, Hawai’i, named for a hero from Kahiki who stopped here and who is represented by a red stone. Channel between Ni’ihau and Lehua Islands.

Kurtistown. Town and park, Hilo area, Hawai’i, named for A. G. Curtis, a pioneer at ‘Ōla’a (now Kea’au) in 1902 when the ‘Ōla’a Sugar Company began operations there.

 

L

 

Lahaina. Town, district, beach, civic center, and boat harbor, West Maui. From 1820 to 1845 Lahaina was the capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom.

Lā’ie. Town, bay, park, point, beach, trail, and temple (Mormon), Ka-huku area, O’ahu. Lā’ie is the traditional birthplace of the sacred princess Lā’ie-i-‘ka-wai.

Lā-na’i. Island in Maui County, 18 miles long, 13 miles wide, with an area of 139.5 square miles and a 2000 population of 3,164; also city, elementary and high school, airport and hospital.

Lani-ākea. Cave, Kai-lua-Kona, Hawai’i. Park and beach, Hale-‘iwa area, O’ahu, having some of the best surfing waves along the North Shore during the big winter swells.

Lani-kai. Neighborhood, beach, playground and elementary school, Mō-kapu area, O’ahu.

La Pérouse. Bay, Mākena area, Maui, named for Captain J. F. de La Pérouse, who sailed along the coast on 29 May 1786; he went ashore the next day. The bay was formed by an extension of the coast by a lava flow in the only historic eruption of Hale-a-ka-lā, in about 1790.

Lau-pāhoehoe. Village, peninsula, gulch, beach park, natural area reserve, point, and stream, Honomū area, Hawai’i. The tsunami of 1 April 1946 swept over the peninsula, destroying the elementary school that stood on the point and taking the lives of students and teachers. A memorial has been erected here.

Lehua. Island (291 acres, maximum elevation 710 feet) west of Ni’ihau, the westernmost island of the main Hawaiian chain.

Lei-lehua. Plateau of central O’ahu; high school and golf course, Wahi-a-wā; site of Schofield Barracks.

Lele-iwi. Cape, beach, park, and point, Hilo area, Hawai’i.

Lemon. Road, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for James Silas Lemon, a Frenchman who came to Hawai’i in 1849.

Lewers. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Christopher H. Lewers, a merchant who arrived in Hawai’i in 1850 and was a founder of the firm of Lewers and Cooke. According to another account, the street was named for Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lewers who had a residence and hotel at the site of the present Hale-kū-lani Hotel.

Līhu’e. Town, district, airport, park, Lutheran church and county seat, Kaua’i.

Likelike. Highway, elementary school, Honolulu, named for Princess Miriam Likelike (1851-1887), the younger sister of Ka-lā-kaua and Lili’u-o-ka-lani.

Liliha. Neighborhood, street, and shopping center, Honolulu.

Līlīnoe. Cone (12,987 feet elevation), ice age natural area reserve, Mauna Kea summit, Hawai’i, named for a goddess of mists, known as the goddess of Hale-a-ka-lā and Mauna Kea.

Lili’u-o-ka-lani. Park, Hilo waterfront, Hawai’i. State government building, elementary school, gardens, Honolulu; avenue, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu; church, Hale-‘iwa, O’ahu; all named for Queen Lili’u-o-ka-lani (1838-1917), last queen of Hawai’i.

Lualualei. Valley, village, beach park, homestead road, naval ammunition depot, naval road, and reservoir, Wai-‘anae area, O’ahu.

Lunalilo. Street laid out in 1874 and named for King Lunalilo, who had died that year. Cross-town freeway, and elementary school; all in Honolulu.

Lunalilo Home. Home for aged Hawaiians established by the will of King Lunalilo, and road, Hawai’i Kai, Honolulu.

Lusitana. Street, Punchbowl, Honolulu, named for a Portuguese Welfare Society whose members were largely immigrants from the Azores who arrived in 1883.

Lyman House. Museum, Hilo, Hawai’i, home of the missionaries David and Sarah Lyman who came to Hawai’i in 1832 and built a frame house, which was restored in 1932; it is now the Lyman House Memorial Museum.

Lyon Arboretum. The arboretum was established in 1907 at the head of Mānoa Valley on 123.5 acres of land known as Hau-kulu. Sixty-nine acres of ‘Ai-hua-lama, including the stream and trail has been added to the arboretum. It was named for Harold L. Lyon (1879-1957), director of the arboretum in 1918-1957.

 

M

 

Magic Island. Park, beach and lagoon at the eastern end of Ala Moana Beach park, it is a man-made peninsula, completed in 1964 and officially named ‘Āina Moana (sea land) in 1972.

Mahuka. State wayside park, natural area reserve.

Maile-kini. Ancient heiau, Pu’u-koholā National Historic Site, Kaw-ai-hae, Hawai’i.

Mākaha. Town, surfing beach, beach park, playground, valley, stream and elementary school. Ka-‘ena area, O’ahu. The area is famous for surfing (annual international championships are held here) and as a resort (Sheraton Makaha Resort is here).

Maka-kilo. Sub-division, playground, elementary school, gulch and hill, Wai-‘anae area, O’ahu.

Maka-pu’u. Beach, beach park, head, point, lookout, lighthouse, trail, and surf name, Koko Head area, O’ahu. The beach is known of the most famous places for bodysurfing in the islands.

Maka-wao. Town, district, park, and elementary school, Ha’i-kū area, East Maui.

Mākua. Beach, popular fishing area, valley, valley road, rim trail, and military reservation, Ka-‘ena area, O’ahu.

Mālaekahana. Beach, recreation area, and stream, Ka-huku area, Oahu, The name of the mother of Lā’ie-i-ka-wai.

Malu-‘ulu-o-Lele. Park, Front street, Lahaina, Maui. (Lele was an old name for the Lahaina district.)

Mānana.  Island also known as Rabbit Island.

Mānoa. Neighborhood, valley, falls, stream, Chinese cemetery, cliff trail, falls trail, marketplace, recreation center and elementary school. Part of the floor of Mānoa Valley was covered with a lava flow from Sugarloaf cone 10,000 to 20,000 years ago. The Mānoa campus of the University of Hawai’i is built on this flow, and the Mō-ili’ili quarry has been excavated in it.

Maui. Second largest island in the Hawaiian group, 48 square miles long, 26 miles wide, with an area of 728 square miles a population in 2000 of 128.094. Wai-luku is the major town and county seat. The county includes Maui, Lā-na’i, Ka-ho’olawe, and Moloka’i islands.

Mauna-kea. Street, downtown Honolulu, probably named for an interisland steamer.

Mauna Kea. Highest mountain in Hawai’i (13,796 feet); state park, forest reserve designated a national natural landmark in 1972, science reserve and ice age natural area at the summit.

Mauna Kea Beach. Hotel and golf course, Kohala area, Hawai’i.

Mauna Loa. Active volcano, second highest mountain in Hawai’i, and probably the largest single mountain mass on earth, rising 13.677 feet above sea level and about 29,000 feet above its base on the ocean floor. Cabin, road, trail, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park.

Mauna-lua. Section of Honolulu now known as Hawai’i Kai, bay and beach park.

Mili-lani. Town, high school, elementary schools, shopping center, parks, golf course and cemetery, central O’ahu. Street, downtown Honolulu, the name of Princess Victoria Ka-māmalu’s home in Honolulu near Ali’i-ō-lani Hale.

Milo-li’i. Village, beach, bay, beach park, and park, Ho’ōpū-loa ridge, Hawai’i. Ridge and section of Nā Pali coast state park, Wai-mea district, Kaua’i. The Hawai’i village was noted for its excellent sennit. According to one story the place was named for an expert sennit twister who lived there.

Mission Houses. Three houses, now a museum, near Kawai-a-Ha’o Church in Honolulu, built in 1821 and 1841. The frame house is the oldest of its kind in the islands and was the home of several early missionaries including Hiram Bingham, Gerrit Judd, and Elisha Loomis, printer. One coral-block house was built in 1841 as an addition to the frame house; the other (the Chamberlain House) was built in 1831 and was originally the storehouse for mission goods and home for the business agent, Levi Chamberlain.

Moana. The first large tourist hotel in Wai-kīkī, and now the oldest, built in 1901. The site was known as Ulu-kou (kou-tree grove) until the 1860’s.

Moana-lua. Neighborhood, elementary and intermediate school, high school, golf course, shopping center, playground, trail, and stream west of Honolulu proper said to be named for two encampments (moana lua) at taro patches, where travelers bound for Honolulu from ‘Ewa rested.

Moana-lua Gardens. A 3,000 private park in the the ahu’pua’a (large land section) of Moana-lua containing extensive gardens owned and managed by the Samuel M. Damon Estate. The gardens include the Ka-mehameha V cottage, a summer house built in 1853-1854 and given to S. M. Damon in the 1880’s; the Chinese Hall built in 1904-1906 by S.M. Damon who imported many parts of the hall, including carved camphor and sandalwood panels from China; and Ka-ma’i-pu’u-pa’a, an earthen hula mound built in 1980 and named for one of Ka-mehameha V’s kahuna. The Damon Estate has opened the gardens as well as the entire valley to the people of Hawai’i as a park for preservation of ancient Hawaiian sites.

Mō-kapu. Peninsula, O’ahu; originally named Moku-kapu (sacred district) because Ka-mehameha I met his chiefs here; it was “the sacred land of Ka-mehameha.” It was the first land on O’ahu planned by the gods Kāne, Kū, and Lono, who created the first man here.

Moko-li’i. Islet in Kāne-‘ohe Bay off Kua-loa, O’ahu, known also as Chinaman’s Hat.

Moku-āweoweo. Summit crater of Mauna Loa volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i.

Moku-lē’ia. Bay, beach, and bodysurfing site known as Slaughterhouse for a shed used by Hono-lua Ranch, Hono-lua area, Maui. Beach, beach park, town, and polo field. Hale-‘iwa area, O’ahu.

Moku-ola. Old name for Coconut Island, Hilo Bay, Hawai’i.

Moloka’i. Island, 38 miles long, 10 miles wide, 261 square miles in area, and having a 2000 population of 128,094 as part of Maui County; airport, hospital, and high school on the island.

Monsarrat. Avenue near Diamond Head end of Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, probably named for Marcus Cumming Monsarrat, who came to Hawai’i from Ireland and Canada in 1850.

Mo’o-kini. Heiau, Kohala area, Hawai’i said to have been built by Pā’ao (famous kahuna of the earliest Polynesian migrations), and named for kahuna who had arrived earlier and made his home in Kohala.

Mountain View. Village and elementary school, Hilo area, Hawai’i, named for the Mountain View House, built in 1891 as a half-way house stop on the way to the volcano from Hilo.

Mount Olympus. Peak (2,486 feet high), Ko’olau Range between Mānoa Valley and Mauna-wili, O’ahu.

 

N

 

Na-hiku. Village, Ke-‘anae area, East Maui.

Nā-hua. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for a Hawaiian chiefess who owned property between the present-day Royal Hawaiian Hotel and the Hale-kū-lani.

Nā-lā’au Hawai’i. Botanic garden for endemic dry-land plants, on the slope of Diamond Head, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Nā-māhana. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for Lydia Pī’ia Nā-māhana, a daughter of Ke’eaumoku, and for a Maui chiefess also named Nā-māhana.

Nā-makani Paio. Campground, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Kī-lau-ea area.

Nā-molo-kama. Mountain, Hanalei area, Kaua’i.

Nānā-kuli. Town, high and intermediate school, beach park, surfing area, and stream, Wai-anae area, O’ahu.

Nā-pali. Coast and state park, northwest Kaua’i.

Nā-pili. Bay, village, and bodysurfing beach, Lahaina area, Maui.

Nā-pō’opo’o. Village, and beach park in which stand the remains of Hiki-au heiau where Captain James Cook was received in 1778, Hōnaunau area, Hawai’i.

Nā-wiliwili. Neighborhood, bay, stream and small boat harbor, Līhu’e, Kaua’i.

Ni’ihau. Island, 18 miles southwest of Kaua’i, and a part of Kaua’i county; owned by the Robinson family, 18 miles long, 6 miles wife, with an area of 73 square miles and a 2000 population of 250, all pure or part Hawaiians, living in Pu’uwai, the principal village.

Nimitz. Highway leading from downtown Honolulu to Pearl Harbor; main gate to the naval station, and elementary school, Pearl Harbor, beach park, Barbers Point, O’ahu.

Nu’u-anu. Pali, state park, valley, neighborhood, reservoir, stream, park, cemetery, elementary school, Honolulu area. In the famous battle of Nu’u-anu in 1795, Ka-mehameha of Hawai’i drove the O’ahu warriors up to the Pali; according to some accounts, three hundred survivors were driven over the cliff; others say the warriors jumped to their deaths rather than surrender.

 

O

 

O’ahu. Most populous of the Hawaiian Islands, 40 miles long, 26 miles wide, with an area of 608 square miles and a 2000 population of 876,156. Honolulu is the major city and state capital.

Old Man’s. Surfing area offshore from the Outrigger Canoe Club beach, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

‘Olohana. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Our Lady of Peace Cathedral. Built in 1843, it serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic diocese of Honolulu; it faces on the Fort Street Mall, Honolulu.

 

P

 

Pacific Heights. Neighborhood, road, Honolulu.

Pacific Palisades. Subdivision, park, playground, Waipahu area, O’ahu.

Pāhala. Town, park, southwest Hawai’i.

Pahu-kini. Heiau, Kai-lua, O’ahu, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, said to have been built by Olopana, a chief from Tahiti at the beginning of the 12th century for use by male chiefs.

Pā’ia. Village, bay, school, East Mau’i.

Pā-lama. Neighborhood of Honolulu.

Pali. Famous precipice in the Ko’olau range, highway from Honolulu through tunnels of the same name to the Kai-lua area, O’ahu, and golf course at the foot of the cliff, O’ahu.

Pali-kū. Area and cabin, Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Maui. Cliff that divides the Ko’olau Poko and Ko’olau Loa districts, O’ahu.

Pali-uli. Cliff near the coast, Kī-lau-ea volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Puna, Hawai’i. Street, Ka-pahulu, Honolulu.

Pālolo. Neighborhood, avenue, valley, elementary school, field, stream, Honolulu.

Pana-‘ewa. Forest, zoo, and park, Hilo district, Hawai’i; home of a legendary mo’o destroyed by Hi’iaka.

Paoa. Place, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, name of Pele’s stick with which she found a home in Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i.

Pāpa’i. Locality, Maku’u area, Hawai’i, where Ka-mehameha I was struck on the head with a paddle while his foot was caught in a crevice.

Papa-kōlea. Beach 3 miles northeast of Ka Lae, Hawai’i.

Parker Ranch. A 185,610 acre cattle ranch in northern Hawai’i started by John Palmer Parker in 1837, and museum, and shopping center, Wai-mea, Wai-pi’o area, Hawai’i.

Pau-ahi. Pit crater, Kī-lau-ea volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i. Street, downtown Honolulu, named in memory of the great fire of 1886 and of the aunt of Bernice Pau-ahi Bishop who had been named Pau-ahi because as a child she was saved from a fire.

Pearl City. Town, peninsula, industrial park, shopping center, recreation center, and elementary school, Wai-pahu area, O’ahu.

Pearl Harbor. Important U.S. Navy base on O’ahu attacked by the Japanese on 7 December 1941; named for pearl oysters formerly found there. The Hawaiian name is Pu’u-loa (Long hill).

Pearl Ridge. Shopping center, park, and elementary school, Wai-pahu area, O’ahu.

Pelekane. Beach, Ka-wai-hae, Hawai’i, named for John Young, whose home was nearby.

Pensacola. Street, Makiki, Honolulu, laid out in 1874 and named for the battleship that often visited Hawai’i in the 1860s and 1870s.

Peter Buck. Street near the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, named for the museum’s director from 1936 until his death in 1951; he was a Maori-Irish native of New Zealand who came to Hawai’i in 1927 and was world famous for Pacific anthropological studies.

Pi’ikoi. Honolulu street running through the Makiki area, probably named for David Ka-hale-pouli Pi’ikoi, father of David Ka-wānanakoa and Kū-hiō Kā-lani-ana-‘ole.

Pi’ilani-hale. Ancient heiau near Hāna, Mau’i; probably the largest heiau in the state.

Pō-ka’i. Bay, beach, beach park, boat ramp, and small boat harbor, Wai-‘anae area, O’ahu.

Poli-‘ahu. Well preserved heiau in a state park near Wai-lua, Kaua’i.

Poli-hale. State park, beach, surfing site, ridge, and heiau Wai-mea area, Kaua’i, famous for its seaweed (paha-paha) used in leis.

Polynesian Cultural Center. Center built at Lā’ie, O’ahu, by Mormons and opened in 1963 with six model villages (Fijian, Hawaiian, Maori, Samoan, Tahitian and Tongan). Most construction materials were brought from the various island groups, and native carpenters constructed the houses.

Portlock. Subdivision, road, and point near Koko Head, Honolulu, named for British Explorer Captain Nathaniel Portlock.

Puna. District, coast, trail, southeast Hawai’i; trail Maku’u area, Hawai’i, named for Puna-auia in Kahiki, the home district of Hawai’i-loa, ancient navigator who brought his family to Hawai’i.

Puna-hou. Neighborhood, school, park, street, formerly called Ka-puna-hou. The school was established by Hiram Bingham in 1841, on the property given at the request of Ka-‘ahu-manu, for chiefs’ children and missionary children.

Puna-lu’u. Black sand beach, beach park, harbor, village, and gulch, Honu-‘apo area south Hawai’i, named for the undersea freshwater springs to which men would dive and bring up drinking water in gourds.

Punchbowl. Crater. The National Cemetery of the Pacific is in the crater.

Pū-o-waina. Hawaiian name for Punchbowl, and drive along the north slope of the crater, Honolulu. Lit., hill of placing [human sacrifices] (for which this hill was famous).

Pūpū-kea. Village, road, beach park, and beach with heavy dangerous winter surf, Ka-huku area, O’ahu.

Pu’u Hau Kea. Cone (13,441 feet elevation), ice age natural area reserve, Mauna Kea summit, Hawai’i.

Pu’uhonua o Hōnaunau. National historical park, Hōnaunau, south Kona, Hawai’i, made up of 180 acres and administered by the National Park Service, formerly known as City of Refuge; the name was officially changed in 1978.

Pu’u Huluhulu. Prominant hill near Mauna Ulu, along the Chain of Craters road, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Puna area, Hawai’i.

Pu’u-kea. Cone, ice age natural area reserve, Mauna Kea, Hawai’i.

Pu’u Ke-one-hehe’e. Cone, science reserve, Mauna Kea, Hawai’i.

Pu’u-koholā. Heiau near Ka-wai-hae, Kohala, Hawai’i, constructed by Ka-mehameha I for his war god, Kū-kā’ili-moku.

Pu’u Kukui. Highest peak (5,788 feet) of West Mau’i Mountains.

Pu’u Loa. Mound with the most concentrated complex of petroglyphs in Hawai’i, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park.

Pu’u Ōla’i. Beach and hill, Mākena area, Mau’i. The hill was believed to be the tail of a mo’o. who angered Pele by becoming the wife of Lohi’au. The mo’o’s tail became Molo-kini islet.

Pu’u-o-mahuka. State park and heiau near Wai-mea Bay, O’ahu, credited to Menehune, and a place where chiefesses gave birth. It was probably at this heiau that three of Vancouver’s crewmen were offered in sacrifice in 1794.

Pu’u o Māui. Cone (8,133 feet high), Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Mau’i.

Pu’u ‘Ō’ō. Ranch, cone and trail, Mauna Kea area, Hawai’i. Cone built at the original eruptive site in the 1983 and ongoing eruption of Kī-lau-ea, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park.

Pu’u o Pele. Cinder cone, Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Mau’i.

Pu’u o ‘Umi. Cone and natural reserve area in the Kohala Mountains, Hawai’i.

Pu’u Poli-‘ahu. Cone, 13, 631 feet elevation, near summit of Mauna Kea, Hawai’i.

Pu’u-‘uala-ka’a. Hill and state park, Round top, Honolulu.

Pu’u ‘Ula’ula. Cone and rest cabin at the 10,092 foot level on the trail to the summit of Mauna Loa, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i. Observatory at the 10,023 foot level and overlook, Hale-a-ka-lā Crater, Mau’i.

Pu’u Wekiu. Cone (13,796 foot elevation), ice age natural area reserve, Mauna Kea, Hawai’i. It is the summit of Mauna Kea and the highest point in the Pacific Basin.

 

Q

 

Queen. Street, downtown Honolulu, named in 1850 for Queen Kā-lama, wife of Ka-mehameha III.

Queen Emma. Street and square near St. Andrew’s Cathedral, downtown Honolulu, named for Queen Emma (1836-1885), wife of Ka-mehameha IV.

 

R

 

Rabbit Island. Island, 67 acres, 200 feet elevation, off Koko Head, O’ahu, named for rabbits released here in the late 1880’s by John Cummins, first owner of Wai-mānalo plantation,

Rainbow. Falls, Wai-luku River, Hilo, Hawai’i. The cave under the falls was said to be the home of Hina, the mother of Māui.

Red Hill. Cabin on the Mauna Loa summit trail, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park; crater, Mauna Kea state park, Hawai’i. Neighborhood and elementary school, Hālawa, Wai-pahu area, O’ahu.

Round Top. Hill (1,048 feet high), Puna-hou, Honolulu.

Royal Hawaiian. Famous hotel, avenue, and shopping center, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. The hotel was built in 1927 and is sometimes referred to as the “pink palace.”

Royal Kā’ana-pali. Golf Course, Lahaina area, Mau’i.

Royal Mausoleum. Built in 1865 by Honolulu’s first architect, Theodore Heuck; now a state monument, Nu’u-anu, Honolulu. The bodies of Ka-mehameha IV and his infant son were the first to be placed there, followed by the bodies of other descendants of the Ka-mehameha and Ka-lā-kaua families.

Royal Wai-koloa. Beach resort and golf course, Pua-kō area, Hawai’i.

 

S

 

Sacred Falls. State park and waterfall, Ka-liu-wa’a valley, Kahana area, O’ahu.

St. Andrews Cathedral. Ka-mehameha IV and Queen Emma established the Episcopal church in 1861. Building of the cathedral, downtown Honolulu, named for the saint on whose feast day Ka-mehameha died (30 November 1863), was begun in 1867. Cut stone for the arches, columns and windows was brought from England.

St. Louis Heights. Neighborhood and trail of Honolulu.

Salt Lake. Lake, neighborhood, boulevard, shopping center, and elementary school, Wai-pahu area, O’ahu. The lake is said to have been dug by Pele, some viscid matter from her eyes dropped and formed salt.

Sand Island. Flat island (641.27 acres, less than 10 feet in elevation) and state recreation center in Honolulu Harbor.

Sandy Beach. Beach, park and popular bodysurfing, bodyboarding and surfing area east of the Blowhole, Koko Head, O’ahu.

Sans Souci. State recreation area and beach, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for the resort built in 1884 and for the well known hotel there of the 1890’s.

Schofield Barracks. Military reservation, Wahi-a-wā, O’ahu, constructed in 1909 and named for Lt. General John M. Schofield (1831-1906), secretary of war under President Andrew Johnson.

Shafter. Military reservation established in 1907 and elementary school, Moana-lua, Honolulu, named for Major General William R. Shafter (1835-1906).

Shark Hole. Surfing area, Ke-walo basin, Honolulu.

Smith. Street downtown Honolulu, named for the Reverend Lowell Smith (1802-1891). Smith established Kau-maka-pili Church in 1838.

Smugglers Cove. Anchorage, bay, and white sand beach, Ka-ho’olawe, named for 19th century smugglers who dropped off cargoes of opium here.

South Point. Point and road, Ka’ū, Hawai’i.

Spencer. Beach park, Pua-kō area, Hawai’i, named for Samuel Mahuka Spencer, Hawai’i county chairman 1924-1944.

Spouting Horn. Beach Park, Kō-loa district, Kaua’i, named for the blowhole at the rocky shoreline.

Sugarloaf. Cinder cone behind Honolulu, See Mānoa.

Sunset Beach. Beach and surfing site, Ka-hu-ku area, O’ahu, known for its spectacular and dangerous winter surf.

 

T

 

Tantalus. Neighborhood, cinder cone (2,013 feet high), behind Honolulu, named by early Puna-hou students for the Greek god who, was always thirsty was punished by being placed in a pool of water. When he tried to drink, the water receded. 

Thomas Square. Park named for British Rear Admiral Richard Thomas who, on orders of Queen Victoria, raised the Hawaiian flag at this site on 31 July 1843, thus returning Hawai’i to Ka-mehameha after Lord George Paulet had seized and declared Hawai’i annexed to Britain on 25 February 1843.

Thurston Lava Tube. Large lava tube and loop trail leading through it, Kī-lau-ea Volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, named for the missionary Thurston family.

Tripler. Army medical center hospital, Moana-lua, Honolulu; named for Major General Charles Stuart Tripler (1806-1866), medical director during the Civil War.

 

U

 

‘Uala-ka’a. Street and state park, Puna-hou area, Honolulu, and old name for Round Top. Lit., rolling sweet potato.

‘Uala-pu’e. Village and fishpond, Ka-malō area, south Moloka’i.

Ule-hawa. Stream and beach park between Nānā-kuli and Lualualei, O’ahu, said to be the birthplace of Māui and to have been named for a chief.

Ulu-kou. Area in Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Ulu-niu. Avenue, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu. Lit., coconut grove.

Ulu-pō. Heiau, now a state monument near Kai-lua, O’ahu.

Uwē-kahuna. Bluff, site of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, Kī-lau-ea Volcano, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i; name of one of Kaha-wali’s priests who challenged Pele after Kaha-wali’s defeat in hōlua sledding.

 

V

 

Vineyard. Midtown boulevard and street, Honolulu, one of Honolulu’s oldest streets; it ran to the vineyard of the Spaniard Don Francisco de Paula Marin which was there in the early 1800’s.

Volcano House. Hotel on the brink of Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i. The first Volcano House was a hut built in 1846.

 

W

 

Waha-‘ula. A luakini (heiau where human sacrifices were offered) and visitor center, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Kī-lau-ea, Hawai’i. The luakini is attributed to Pā’ao, a priest from Tahiti, in the 13th century; originally called ‘Aha-‘ula (sacred assembly). It was used by Ka-mehameha I and dedicated to his war god, Kū-kā’ili-moku; it was also the last major temple where public worship was held.

Wahi-a-wā. Town, district, botanical garden, shopping center, elementary and intermediate schools, reservoir, freshwater park, trail in central O’ahu.

Wai-āhole. Village, beach park, and elementary school, Wai-kāne area, O’ahu.

Wai-‘ale’ale. Large mountain on Kaua’i (5,148 feet elevation), probably the wettest area on earth with 485 inches of rainfall per year.

Wai-a-lua. Town, district, bay, sugar plantation, elementary school, intermediate, and high schools, Hale-iwa area, O’ahu.

Wai-‘anae. Town, mountain range, district, homesteads, shopping mall, valley road, boat harbor, parks, recreation center, elementary, intermediate, and high schools, west O’ahu.

Wai-‘ānapanapa. State Park, Hāna area, Mau’i. A cruel chief, Ka’akea, suspected his wife, Pōpō-‘alea, of having an affair with her younger brother. The wife hid in a cave here but the shadow of the kāhili (feather standards of royalty) waved by the attendant betrayed their hiding place, and Ka’akea killed them both.

Wai-au. Cone 13,441 feet elevation and lake inside the cone at 13,020 feet elevation, ice age natural area reserve, Mauna Kea summit, Hawai’i.

Wai-kānaloa. Wet cave, Hāena, Hanalei area, Kaua’i.  

Wai-kīkī. Beach, beach center, gateway park, playground, shell (outdoor auditorium), aquarium, yacht club, neighborhood, elementary school, and tennis center of Honolulu.

Wai-koloa. Village, golf course, and road, Pua-kō and Waiki’i area, Hawai’i.

Wai-kolu. Stream, Ka-malō area, Moloka’i. Way, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu, named for the three waters emptying into Wai-kīkī before the Ala Wai Canal was dug.

Wai-lea. Resort complex, beach, beach park, golf courses, shopping village, and village, Mākena area, Mau’i. Point between Lani-kai and Wai-mānalo, Mō-kapu area, O’ahu.

Wai-lua. Town, river, bay, golf course, falls, reservoir and state park Ka-wai-hau area, Kaua’i.

Wai-luku. River and state recreation area, Hilo, Hawai’i. Town, elementary school, heights, point, and stream in Mau’i; site of the victorious battle in the late 18th century of Ka-mehameha I over the Mau’i forces.

Wai-mānalo. Town, bay, beach, beach park, state recreation area, road, stream and elementary school, Koko Head area, O’ahu.

Wai-mea. Town, elementary and intermediate school, reservoir, and trail, Wai-pi’o area, Hawai’i; the town post office is Kamuela. Town, bay, canyon, canyon lookout, canyon road, canyon state park, recreational pier, district, southwest Kaua’i, the site of Captain Cook’s first landing in the islands, in 1778. Town, bay beach park, falls, park, arboretum; famous big wave surfing area where winter waves break to 35 feet or more, Hale-iwa, north O’ahu.

Wai-nani. Street, Wai-kīkī, Honolulu.

Wai-pahu. Town, cultural park and museum, shopping plaza, field and gym, elementary, intermediate and high schools, south central O’ahu.

Wai-pi’o. Valley, valley lookout, village, stream, bay in north Hawai’i.

Waldron Ledge. Small portion of the northern rim of Kī-lau-ea caldera, Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai’i, named for the purser of the Vincennes, a ship of the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1840 and 1841.

Wao-kanaka. Locality and street,upper Nu’u-anu, Honolulu, named for inland inhabited regions.(wao kanaka), below the uninhabited wao akua (god uplands).

Wao-lani. Street and stream, upper Nu’u-anu valley, Honolulu. The first Hawaiian heiau built by the gods was here in the area. Kāne and Kanaloa lived here, and here the first man, Wākea, was born.

Ward. Centre and warehouse (shopping centers), and avenue leading from Punchbowl to Ke-walo Basin, Honolulu.

Washington Place. The state governor’s mansion. It was built in 1847 in downtown Honolulu for merchant and sea captain John Dominis and named by U.S. Commissioner Anthony Ten Eyck, who had established the U.S. Legation in the home in 1847, in honor of George Washington on 22 February 1848. This is the oldest continuously occupied residence in Honolulu. Queen Lili’u-o-ka-lani, wife of John Owen Dominis (son of the captain) inherited the residence and lived in it until her death in 1917. It was purchased by the Territory of Hawaii in 1921 for a governor’s mansion and is now a state historic monument.

Wheeler. Air Force base and elementary school, Wahi-a-wā, O’ahu.

Wilcox. Lane, Ka-lihi Kai, Honolulu, named for Judge William Luther Wilcox (1850-1903), son of the missionary teachers Abner and Lucy Wilcox; he married Chiefess Kahuila of Moloka’i.

Wilder. Avenue, Makiki, Honolulu, named for Samuel G. Wilder who arrived in 1858 and established a shipping business.

 

 Y

 

Young. Street, Makiki, Honolulu, named for John Young, the English sailor who went ashore at Ke-ala-ke-kua, Hawai’i, in 1790, was detained by Ka-mehameha, and became his companion and trusted adviser.